Types of Tea Varies greatly depending on the region and climate. The taste of the finished drink, even within the same type of Below are the top ten manufacturing countries (according to the British website) and five more countries, whose products are available to Russian buyers. Of course, this is not a complete catalogue – this list includes only the most prominent participants in the tea market.
List of countries who grow tea
Types of tea in China
The most advanced producing country of this drink is china. The birthplace of tea. In this, the country invariably remains the leader among suppliers. About 40% of the world market share, about 2.4 million tons acquired every year. It is mainly growing in Yunnan, Guangdong, and Zhejiang provinces. Chinese tea is one of the best in the world. It represents all six varieties, including yellow tea, created only in the Middle Kingdom.
India produces 1.25 million tons of tea annually, which automatically puts this country in second place. The British set the pace in 1824 to compete with this country. The idea paid off, and over the next 200 years, India became a powerful rival to Chinese tea production, especially black types of tea. Two-thirds of production comes from four tea regions in northern India: Assam, Darjeeling, Duars, and Sikkim. Another third is the producer in Nilgiri and Kerala, located in the south of India. Indian tea is trendy in Russia for a long time and is highly trusted by customers.
Tea was first discovered in Kenya in 1903, and over the next 100 years, production here took on a vast scale. Today Kenya annually supplies the world market with about 500,000 tons of tea and claims to be a leading tea producer on a par with India. Kenyan grows tea in the highlands in the east and west of the Great Rift Valley, at 1500 to 2000 m. It is much less common on the Russian market than tea from the first two countries, although it is also considered very high quality.
Sri Lanka Tea
Sri Lanka produces just under 350,000 tons types of tea per year (about 17% of the world’s harvest). It all began in 1867 when the British tried to create another competitor to india on failed coffee plantations. Since then, the country has been producing some of the world’s best teas with no analogues. They mainly grow tea in 6 regions: Uva, Dambulla, Uda-Pussellava, Nuwara Eliya, Kandy, and Ruhuna. At the same time, the height difference of tea plantations is very different, which provides a varied palette of tastes.
Turkey grows about 250,000 tons of tea annually, producing mostly black varieties, including black powdered tea. At the same time, a larger volume of production remains in the country.
Since the French introduced the tea leaf culture to the Vietnamese during their colonial rule, the country has become the sixth-largest tea-producing country. Today Vietnam supplies about 240,000 tons of raw materials per year from plantations located mainly in Yen Bai province in North Vietnam. The assortment includes several types of tea – green, black and white.
Types of tea in Indonesia
Indonesia produces about 144,000 tons of tea annually. For the first time, a tea bush from Indian Assam varieties isbring to this country in the 1700s by the Dutch East India Company. The suitable climate allowed the new culture to take root and become an essential part of the Indonesian economy. many types of Tea is starting to grow on the islands of Java and Sumatra. In Java, a top-quality fragrant product is harvest in August and September. In Sumatra, every year, in the end, crops can harvest to provide you with an authentic taste of tea. Many manufacturers like to supplement their blends with soft and delicate Indonesian teas.
Argentina produces just under 90,000 tons of tea a year. Furthermore,It is mainly black tea of Indian origin, as well as traditional Argentine mate. now, Classic tea starts to grow in Argentina in the 1920s when the country’s government encourages tea farmers to experiment with various new crops. Plantations are discovering in the provinces of Misiones, Corrientes, Formosa, Chaco and Tucuman.
Japan is a country where tea is of great cultural importance. About 80,000 tons of this product are growing tea (in the Shizuoka, Kagoshima, and Uji regions) in annually. The history of Japanese tea began many centuries ago when Buddhist monks brought it to their homeland. Today the Japanese specialize mainly in the production of green tea of all kinds. The most famous export commodities are sencha and matcha. But most teas grow in Japan is consumes domestically.
Iran supplies the world with just under 75,000 tons of tea a year. In this country, tea first appeared as a drink in the 15th century, thanks to trade along the famous Silk Road, and quickly became very popular. However, large-scale production did not begin until the 20th century, when the first mechanized tea factory was discovering.
The history of tea here began in the 18th century when Chinese camellia tea trees were first introduced to the region. Today, Taiwan is the world leader in oblong tea production (about 20% of the total volume. Furthermore, black, green, and white tea is also growing here. There are plantations in almost all country regions. But Alishan, Taitung, and Yu-Shan are the most significant.
Tea in Nepal is cultivates for several years, but it is a relatively rare and expensive product since it is produced in minimal quantities. Nepalese type of tea is always hand-assembling (it is physically impossible to lift equipment to a height of 2500 meters above sea level). This tea is scarce in Russia.
Azerbaijani tea is one of the best in the world since the beginning of the twentieth century. Moreover, It was then that the Lankaran and Astara regions was establishes stable production based on raw materials in this country. so, Mainly long black tea is grown in Azerbaijan, which was very popular during the existence of the USSR.
Therefore, Russian tea as a product appeared at the beginning of the 20th century, during the emergence of large agricultural projects in the USSR. After the fall of the Soviet Union, the industry of tea fell. Into decay and was rebuilt only at the end of the twentieth century. Today produces Russian many types of tea is produced on the plantations of the Krasnodar Territory in volumes of about 400 tons per year. These are mainly black varieties and green in tiny quantities.